Kigezi Sub-region in South Western corner of Uganda is one of the most populated areas in Uganda. Amidst spectacular v- shaped valleys and undulating hills, the home of mountain gorillas, which was once referred to as ‘Switzerland of Africa’ or ‘Pearl of Africa’, is characterized by a population with low incomes, inadequate food and poor health. These are a result of population pressure on scarce fragmented land and water resources, amidst poor farming methods, deforestation and destruction of terraces hence soil erosion, landslides, floods, contamination and drying up of water sources which in turn has affected productivity of people who largely depend on subsistence agriculture.
Kigezi Diocese shares borders with Kable District located in south western Uganda bordering Rwanda.
Population is 5 millions and population growth rates of 5% this coupled with environmental hazards and need to access services like fair road networks has compelled people shift to hill tops reserving fertile soils for cultivation.
It is very hilly with 1800 – 2500m above sea level with an annual average rainfall of 1000mm spread over two wet seasons.
Common water sources are springs, lake, rain and rivers/streams.